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How to Give Commands

Most people will teach their puppy/dog the basic commands such as ‘sit,’ ‘stay,’ and ‘down.’ For most puppies and adult dogs this will prove to be enough as with these basic commands a young puppy or an adult dog can be controlled.

They are geared toward having the ability to keep the puppy/dog in question under a good level of control whilst performing normal, routine actions. When they are being groomed, waiting for their food or walking on the lead. Dogs that have learnt the basics are generally much surer of themselves than dogs that have learnt nothing.
Regardless of whether you wish your puppy or dog to learn how to sit or how to perform a backward flip the principles of teaching the command are very similar. We will approach it as though you are training your new puppy but it is the same concept for an adult dog too.

Say your puppy’s name first as he/she has to know you wish to have their attention. When you say your puppy’s name first they know immediately that you wish for them to listen.
The best names, incidentally, are those with two syllables and the best commands given are those with just the one syllable. If you say the name ‘Murphy’ you can exaggerate the ending so you have a flat ‘Mur’ and then a higher, longer ‘phy.’ To give the command ‘sit’ is perfect as the word ‘sit’ contains one syllable therefore ‘Murphy sit’ is a good example.

Speaking fairly deeply to your puppy will work better than squeaking the command in a high pitched voice, pups and dogs seem to respond quicker to a low, slightly guttural voice. To your puppy a low pitch means you are serious as it is very similar to the sound of a mother’s growl.

If you make too many highly pitched sounds your puppy will not take you seriously because to him/her you will simply sound like another dog yapping away.
Remember that you are not a drill sergeant and that your little puppy is not a recruit, you do not need to shout the command at him/her. Simply use your normal voice level, not too soft, and maybe raise it slightly just so that your puppy is aware that you want their attention.

Making eye contact is essential when you are giving your puppy commands, to look a puppy or dog in the eye is both a challenge and a command it tells them that you are the higher ranking one and that you need to be obeyed.

Do not stare at dogs that you do not know or those dogs that are acting aggressively as this will not make them wish to obey but rather it will make them angry.

Puppies and dogs are extremely conscious of size, this is because in the canine world the bigger dogs tend to be the leaders. If you stand tall when you give your puppy a command he/she will view you in the same way that a bigger dog would be viewed, with respect.

This is also true when you wish to play or pet a puppy or a dog, if you make yourself smaller and at their level they will immediately see you as more approachable and friendly. You can do this by simply crouching down or even sitting on the floor with them.

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